InfoSAWIT, BOGOR- Target Obyek Reforma Agraria (TORA) reaching about 4,1 million hectares should be got from the obligation of 20% from the plantation companies by releasing the forest, and 2,1 million hectares of the Production Forests that have been conversed. Having 60% of the areas that the palm oil plantation companies master in Indonesia, Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial/National Land Agency (MAS/NLA)takes the private plantation companies to optimize the areas and share (provide) the areas to the people around, both by the corporate social responsibility (CSR) program and the obligation, 20% of the conversed areas through the agrarian reform. MAS/NLA or Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF) would be ready to facilitate and follow up the issue. The agrarian reform is done by the area distribution and the people’s empowerment. The access reform are hoped to solve the challenge of economic equity. One of it is Gini Ratio of the land master, reaching 0,59% and the numbers of poor people, reaching 28 million men or 10,8% of the total citizens of Indonesia.
The direction of the agrarian reform acceleration was told by General Directorate of Agrarian Regulation, MAS/NLA, represented by Head of Tanah Object Landreform (TOL) and Compensation, Ari Machkota, S.H., M. Hum in front of the plantation / forestry concession owners in the Workshop Legalisaasi Areal Konservasi dan Percepatan Reforma Agraria in District of Ketapang, that the regional government held together with Aidenvironment Asia on 5 – 6 December 2017 in Bogor.
“Agrarian reform should have area and access that attach one to the other. The subject, we pleased, would be from the local government. If the people around have no areas, they should be prior to have. The people getting the area distribution should cooperate with the main companies and the result could be collected,” Ari said in the official statement to InfoSAWIT, Tuesday (13/12).The workshop was attended by agencies in the District of Ketapang, and NGOs.
Ari also explained the obligation for those getting the rights on Agrarian Reform having certificates, that is, they should not abandon their areas; or giving the land rights for about 10 years; or change the function of the areas, unless to build the national strategies in infrastructure, energy, food, and security and defense.
The data from Ministry of Environment and Forestry showed, 93 thousand hectares of the forests have been released in District of Ketapang. The potential allocation, 20% would be about 18 thousand hectares, within the prediction, the areas could contribute to 9000 families to increase their economy. Unfortunately, there is no clear regulation to implement 20% of the area release from the forestry regions and the conversion to run TORA and the overlapping regulation within the allocation 20% of the plantation companies to develop plasma areas for the people.
Sustainability Coordinator IOI Plantation/SNA Group , Nicko Arywibowo, one participant in the workshop, hoped, there should be mediation if the regulation is implemented. What happens in the field is the plantation companies implement the allocation 20% for the plasma areas for the people.
On the other hand, District of Ketapang has prepared the Action Plans to accelerate the policy of Agrarian Reform and Social Forestry in the conversion areas in Ketapang. “We have implemented One Map policy in our region so there is certainty for the strategic regions in One Map policy,” Head of Regional Development Plan Agency, District of Ketapang, Mahyuddin said.
The direction of the policy of the agrarian reform acceleration would be harmonized with the development plans in Ketapang that wants to develop sustainable industries and should be applicative in the village level. “Every direction and the result of the workshop would be socialized through the meeting in the village and be followed up,” he said.
Central Statistic Agency noted, there were about 55.390 poor people in District of Ketapang in 2015 within ability to live Rp 11.877/day. The numbers were the biggest ones of West Kalimantan province compared to the other districts. This was not the same with the investment progress that Ketapang always got the highest one of West Kalimantan province. It is important to involve the poor people in every plan and action from every program that the private and government would do in Ketapang.(T2)