Developing Indonesia through Peat and Water Protection

Developing Indonesia through Peat and Water Protection

InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA –Some experts in peat met in Mecure Hotel, Jakarta on Wednesday (27/12) to discuss the peat that LPEM UI did.

Iwan Gunawan of the World Bank said, the fire in 2015 spent Rp 221 billion or about 1,9% of the gross domestic product (GDP). “There should be long term impact that should be calculated and also the education and health,” he said in the official statement to InfoSAWIT.

Meanwhile the researcher of University of Indonesia, Suraya Afif said, it is important to know the goal of a research, including the peat research. He also criticized the result study done by LPEM UI that it did not make the external aspect.

For example, Director of Wetland Indonesia, I Nyoman Suryadiputra said, the loss should be calculated from the loss of water capacity in the earth namely in the peat ecosystem. “The understanding and perspective about peat should be the same in the future,” he said

He also said, actually the policy about peat was made in 1990. But in the late days, it was strengthened by Government’s Regulation (GR) No. 71 / 2014 and improved by GR No 57 / 2016. Wetland noted, there are 8 companies disobeying the water height  in the peat. “This is a good way for there is information about the changes for the business world,” he said.

Sonny Mumbunan of Pusat Perubahan Iklim, University of Indonesia, said, every economic business should have the impact to the environment. The valuation of our peat economy, he continued, should not be seen by the final products, but forget the immediate product. “For such a long time, it is not easy to be evaluated,” Sonny said in the discussion.

The narration of economy needs to change. Don’t make dichotomy between evaluation and restoration. “In the peat, there is a dimension of economy that has or has not been evaluated,” Sonny said.

Prof Supiandi Sabiham of Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) claimed, the research is sometimes partial and has different goals too. Many still misunderstand about the peat. “The researchers do to. They may be wrong but should not lie,” he said.

But he agreed that the peat narration should be changed to be economic peat narration, including the concept of ecosystem within multi-dimension value. “If the stakeholders are not responsible well, the government and the people themselves are wrong,” he said.

Suraya Afif said, the mistake is that the fault keeps happening. “It needs debate about the tag with fairness discussion,” he said.(T2)

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