InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - The accusation to palm oil industries nationally in the last decade seems has no end. It started from the health but in the last some years, the environmental issues have something to do with the progress of palm oil industries.
It is not known that the accusation is based on the facts or not. But in the end, the news cornering palm oil could make the opinion in the world that palm oil contributes to the forest damages and the increasing carbon in the atmosphere.
Every thoughts comes from the assumption saying that many palm oil plantation businesses cut the wood and are planted in peat that the process may produce carbon emission. The process of the fresh fruit bunch in the factory and the transportation are thought to increase the carbon emission.
As a matter of fact, non - plantation sectors, such as, transportation, mining that may uses more energy (the fuel) rather than crude oil; and manufacture industry may have bigger role to pollute the air in the world.
It is not right if saying or accusing that palm oil plantation increases the carbon in Indonesia. If seen from the forest area substitution to be agriculture and plantation sector nationally which is compared to other countries in 2000 to 2005, Indonesia just cultivated 35 km square. The areas were mostly used to develop the regions because of regional expansion.
Meanwhile, the area used to be palm oil plantation reached only 9 million hectares, including the people and the government’s areas. Besides most of the cultivated regions derived from the non – forest land closure or bushes, the abandoned areas, and others of the total areas in Indonesia laying on 1,8 million km square.
Russia used wider non – forest land closure reaching 144 thousand km square from its area reaching 16,3 million km square. Brazil did too. In the period, the country used the non – forest land closure 164 thousand km squre from the land area reaching 8,4 million km square.
It is clear, the non – forest land closure usage in Indonesia is normal still. Then is it true to say that palm oil plantation development in Indonesia increases the number one emission in the world?
United Nations in 2007 noted, China was the biggest emission provider in the world, reaching 6,5 billion tons. United States of America produced carbon emission reaching 5,8 billion tons, then Japan produced 1,2 billion tons, and Germany produced 787,9 million tons.
Looking back at Annex I Kyoto Protokol (2009), 34 countries as the carbon producers agreed to decrease it in the world.
Indonesia was not in Kyoto Protocol for the carbon emission per capita was only about 1,73 ton while USA produced carbon emission per capita reaching 17,67 tons, Australia about 19,64 tons, Canada reaching 16,15 tons, and Norway about 8,49 tons. (see the table of The Countries in Annex I Kyoto Protokol).
It is clear that emission from Indonesia relating to the increasing carbon in the world is so minimal. But the writer agreed that the forest and peat area usages are highly potential to release the carbon the atmosphere and it should be decreased and implementing the sustainable cultivation.
In addition palm oil industries nationally have tight regulations and are also regulated in Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) which is mandatorily done.
It is based on every regulation in Indonesia. So the accusation about the worst forest damages in Indonesia and Malaysia is very wrong.(Teguh Patriawan/ Vice Committee of Plantation Development, Indonesian Chambers)