InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA -Actually the European Union (EU) policy in biofuel from palm oi has been running since 1990s, precisely in 1998. EU Commission published Directive to vanish premium having Pb, started to use diesel and the transportation to reduce the emission was introduced for the first time.
In 2009, EU published Directive to instruct biofuel usage to transportation that should calculate the Green – House Gas (GHG) Emission, the tight limit, sustainability criteria that limited the area to use about the carbon stock and the areas out of European Community.
EU Directive 2015/1513
EU Directive 2015/1513 is the revies from EU 2009 and EU 1998. In 2009, EU regulated the biofuel usage and pressed to decrease GHG emission which would influence the climate.
To reduce the GHG emission in the community and to reduce energy import dependence, it was recommended to develop the energy from renewable sources and should be efficiently used.
It was decided, the national target was 20% of part of the renewable energy and 10% of renewable energy would be in transportation sector in EU. The policy was to the GHG emission to reduce and should consider the significant contribution in the transportation and efficient energy usage.
The Reason to Reject Palm oil for Biodiesel in 2016
Direct Land Use Change may increase the GHG emission for the loss of forest coverage or deforestation. The loss or the damage of carbon stock from the forest, the broken peat urged to implement Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC), that is, the loss of forest coverage and peat in the future. It is calculated from the loss of peat forest in the last 5 to 10 years.
The producer countries might produce the material for biofuel by scarifying the areas to food plantation. Indonesia is the third country polluting the air by CO2 in the world and has decreasing significant biodiversity, the extinguish animals may come to an end.
EU complained, the standard social, health, and environment in palm oil exporter countries is cheaper than it in EU.
The volunteer standards implemented in the palm oil producer countries are Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO, and Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO). The three may have no ecology, social integrity and could not decrease the deforestation still. The standards may also make the consumers confused.(Dr. Rosediana Suharto - Responsible Sustainable Palm Oil Initiatives/RPOI)
For more, please read InfoSAWIT March 2018