InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA –Actually in 1970s, Indonesia started to make palm oil as the main source of exchange. Though it was late to develop commercially rather than Malaysia, but in short, Indonesia could be the number one palm oil producer in the world, surpassed Malaysia which was the number one producer in the world.
After more than one decade as the main crude palm oil producer, palm oil plantation development in Indonesia is fast. The fact showed that the development is divided into three major groups, they are, cultivated by the big private sector, cultivated by the government, and cultivated by the people (smallholders).
From the three major groups, palm oil production in Indonesia in 2017 reached 41,98 million tons – crude palm oil (CPO) reached 38,17 million tons and the palm kernel oil reached 3,05 million tons.
The numbers increased about 18% compared to the 2016 production that reached 35,57 million tons –CPO reached about 32,52 million tons and PKO reached 3,05 million tons.
In the previous, palm oil production would be about 40 million tons in 2020, but not less than 3 years, Indonesia could get the numbers.
But apart from the successful palm oil development in Indonesia, there are still issues to face, such as, the negative ones accusing that palm oil is developed by damaging the forest, and vanishing the protected animals. Some even said, the local people should be put aside because of the development. Whether it is true or not, it needs further and deeper research.
So three important institutions, they are, agriculture research of Franch, CIRAD, non – government organization focusing to the conservation, WWF Indonesia, and the plantation company, Golden Agri-Resources (GAR), agreed to make International Conference on Oil Palm and Environment – a two year – meeting for the stakeholders to get the best solution in palm oil plantation development without damaging the forest, vanishing the protected animals, and disturbing the local people.
Some researches were and have been done by the world research institutions, and the plantation companies to share the information and to give input to environmental and social palm oil development. To know what the result of the research and what policy in the event, dear readers could read it in InfoSAWITJune 2018. (T2)