InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA –The initiative of the government to improve the palm oil plantation sector in Indonesia may be only discussion. From the information, the concept of management improvement is being a design or plan only.
Many discuss the draft of policy, such as, the evaluation of license, the postponement to give business license, the empowerment of smallholders, the downstream process of palm oil products, and the issue in Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO). For information, the plantation mastery has issue too. Corruption Eradication Commission noted that the palm oil plantations in Indonesia lay about 15,7 million hectares. In detail, 10,7 million hectares are cultivated by the big private companies, 4,4 million hectares are cultivated by the people, and the government’s big companies cultivate 493 thousand hectares.
The plantations in Indonesia have many issues too, such as, environmental damages, social conflicts, labor, the threat to food security, and others. Sawit Watch noted, the palm oil plantation areas lay about 16,18 million hectares, but they have small productivity, only 3,7 tons per hectare per year. The government should do intensification program to boost the productivity, not tp enlarge the areas.
The forgotten thing to develop sustainable commodities is that the government and other may seem to be ‘busy’ to manage palm oil but the other kinds of potential commodity in the future are ‘abandoned’. The sustainable commodities are spices, rubber, coffee, cocoa, coconut, and others.
The government’s initiative may be potential to improve the plantation and agrarian improvement in this country. It has chance to increase the welfare of the people from the initiative. But until now, the President’s Instruction about the Penundaan Evaluasi Perizinan Perkebunan Sawit, or Postponement of Palm Oil Plantation License, andPeningkatan Produktivitas Perkebunan Sawit or To ncrease the Palm oil Plantation Productivity has not particular time to be published. The agrarian reform has no particular time to make, namely about the abandoned areas, license objects which are illegal or advantaged well. What about the forest regions which have been released to be plantation – are they advantaged and managed well? These questions are important to be answered so that the people could know, what direction of improvement in palm oil plantation and the disparity of agrarian issue in Indonesia.
About the issue, from what InfoSAWIT got, Sawit Watch and Walhi plan to identify and urge the scenario in the regions having issues, such as, a) the areas as the former business license and abandoned; b) the areas which may be wider than the license (conflict areas) and c), the people’s areas that the plantation cultivates (agrarian conflicts). Every thing would be discussed in a workshop “Menuju Perbaikan Tata Kelola Komoditas Berkelanjutan & Perluasan Wilayah Kelola Masyarakat melalui REFORMA AGRARIA DAN PERHUTANAN SOSIAL”, that would be done on13-14 August 2018in the hall of YTKI, Jakarta. (T2)