InfoSAWIT, MAR DEL PLATA– The ministers of G20 members in trade and investment just ended the meeting in Mar del Plata, Argentine on last Friday (14/9/2019). In the meeting, the ministers shared knowledge and experience to reduce the tension in trade and protectionism globally that would influence the economic progress in the world. Delegation of Indonesia was led by Special Staff in International Trade, Ministry of Trade, Lili Yan Ing.
The first, the ministers discussed the ways to support global value chains (GVCs) in agro-food. In general, the members of G20 agreed that it is important to increase the agro – food product trade in GVCs to guarantee the stocks of food and increase the smallholders’ (farmers’) involvement, small businesses, and the female in the chain.
In the opportunity, delegation of Indonesia proposed that G20 has important role to formulate the global policy about GVCs of agro – food products knowing that G20 represents 80% of the agro-food products in the world. Indonesia also emphasized that the G2o members should not over protect the implementation of the standard, not give massive subsidies to the agro food product which would distort the markets.
The developed countries, such as, United States of America and European Union proposed the issues that the trade imbalance happens for the industrial subsidies, the force of technology transfer which may forbid intellectual property rights, and the subsidies from state owned enterprises, and proposed the World Trade Organization (WTO) to focus on the issues.
The developing countries, such as, Brazil and South Africa, proposed that it is important to make special treatment to the developing countries to compete. While Indonesia could make discussion to expand the mandate of WTO as long as it needs to function WTO better and as long as it is not against to the national interests.
“In the same time, Indonesia also reminded that WTO has many to do, such as, the agricultural subsidies, and ilegal unreported and unregulated fishing,” Lili said in the official statement to InfoSAWIT, Thursday (20/9/2018).
The second, the ministers also agreed to discuss New Industrial Revolution(NIR). When discussing NIR, Indonesia supported the discussion that the G20 members did to give the global community to be able to adapt if NIR would be potential to make disruption, and maximize NIR to the progress and the welfare of the world. The ministers of G20 members also noticed that the discussion was important and hoped that could be done in the next meeting. “The trade covers not only the goods, service, and modal (capital) transportation, but it also about the movement of ‘idea or thought’. In the future, the talent and skill should be more important than the other production,” Lili said.
The third, the main discussion in the meeting was to make sure that G20 could fully support the multilateral system, that is, WTO so that it can play its role and function. G20 members also emphasized that unilateralism or increasing the tariff from one side could decrease the international trade and in the end, it postpones the economic progress in the world.. (T2)