InfoSAWIT, BANDUNG – The government has published the Biodiesel 20% (B20) Mandatory policy since 2016 within the goal, to reduce the oil and gas imports and the trade deficit. The policy has expanded to non – public service obligation (PSO), such as, the mining, electricity, sea transportation, and train since September 2018. It is successful to reduce diesel import significantly and implemented about 97,5% in average in this year.
Pusat Rekasaya Katalisis, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), and Pertamina Research and Technology Centre (RTC) have developed the special catalyst that would increase the green fuel in palm oil – base. It is called BIPN and could produce fuel within 90 to 120 octane and it is adjustable to the needs. The catalyst itself is one important component to produce crude oil and for all these years, it depends on the import. The result development of the catalyst in the laboratory of ITB would be led to substitute the import and could save the exchange.
“The government really appreciates the university that develops local commodity, such as, crude palm oil (CPO) to be green fuel which is equal to diesel or pertamax. The process would take some time and it spends much. But in the future, it could reduce our dependence to fuel imports,” Coordinator Minister in Economy, Darmin Nasution when visiting the Laboratorium Teknik Reaksi Kimia, ITB in Bandung in the official statement to InfoSAWIT, Friday (6/9/2019).
He did hope too that ITB could develop the special catalyst commercially to produce CPO green fuel. “Of course, ITB could cooperate with others, such as, PT Pertamina (Persero) to research it and could be implemented in the factories of PT Pertamina,” he said. Darmin also suggested that the other ministries or Palm oil Plantation Fund Management Agency, PT Pertamina (Persero), and other enterprises could fully support the research and development, like what ITB and Pertamina RTC have done. This would make the bio-hydrocarbon industries nationally could realize the energy security nationally. For the first step, there have been ten palm oil companies to develop the refineries to produce green biofuel.
B30 Mandatory Policy Would be Next Year
For the next step, the government would implement the B30 policy. It is believed that the policy to advantage palm oil production would be better, not only to the economy nationally but also to improve the smallholders’ economy.
“The report from Ministry of Enterprises, from the road test of B30 is that there was no significant difference from the available policy. It means that the government prepares it to run B30 in January next year,” he said.
The government has planned the next phase. If the green biofuel is produced, the green diesel would be process as the vegetable fuel, for example, the B50 production which is the mixture of B30 and B20. Slowly but surely, we could reduce the fuel import and lead the palm oil as the primadona commodity in the global markets.
When the work visit, Secretary of Coordinator Ministry in Economy, Susiwijono; Deputy of Mineral Resource and Forestry Coordination, Coordinator Ministry in Economy, Montty Girianna; General Director of Penguatan Inovasi, Ministry of Research, Technology, and University, Jumain Appe; Chariman of Board Supervisory, PFMA, Rusman Heriawan; Director of Fund Distribution, PFMA, Edi Wibowo; Vice Director of ITB in Public Administration, the Alumni, and Mining Communication, Miharja; Head of Chemical Technic Laboratory, ITB, Subagjo; SVP PT Pertamina (Persero) RTC, Dadi Sugiana; and other representatives of Masyarakat Biohidrokarbon Indonesia attended. (T2)