InfoSAWIT, PONTIANAK – Chairman of Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), Mansuetus Darto said that palm oil issues in the villages are mostly about the legal, expensive nursery, the fruit selling to the middlemen though the smallholders’ plantations are next to the factory.
The other issues are about the minimal development to the smallholders in the sustainable practices, the fluctuation of the fruit price, and the areas around the forest region.
The legal is the crucial one. He thought that many smallholders do not have the area certificate and when the conflict takes place, they do not have bargaining position and should be out of their own.
“If they want to get the certificate, it would spend lots of money, could be Rp 3 to 4 million per certificate. If there is the program, such as, Prona or PSTL, they never get it,” he said in the Indonesian Palm Oil Smallholders Conference & Expo (IPOSC) 2019: Penguatan SDM dan Kelembagaan Petani Basis Kesuksesan Petani Sawit, 27 November 2019 in Hotel Astons, Pontianak, West Kalimantan which was attended by InfoSAWIT.
He also mentioned that about the fruit governance, many smallholders sell it to the middlemen or loading ramp by the side of the road. “They sell it cheap while the daily needs get more expensive,” he said.
To solve the issues, actually, the government has published the President’s Instruction No. 8 / 2018 or famously known as the palm oil moratorium within the goal, to increase the productivity and solve the palm oil plantation issues in the forest regions, including the plan to publish the President’s Regulation about Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO).
He thought that this would be the chance to develop the smallholders’ plantations both to strengthen the institutions, increase the capacity of the smallholders to sustainable cultivation, but avoid the social exploitation. “We encourage the implementation of ISPO to improve the smallholders’ governance besides the evaluation of the license,” he said.
The representative of Asosiasi Petani Kelapa Sawit Indonesia (Apkasindo), Hamid, said that the publication of the regulation in the future could be adjusted to the capability of the smallholders.
“We do hope, the smallholders would propose the evaluation of the policy and adjusted to the smallholders’ capability. We do hope too, every stakeholder could support it,” he said (T2)