InfoSAWIT, PONTIANAK – Palm oil plantation development in Indonesia has something to do with the smallholders. Of 16,4 million hectares (ha) palm oil plantations in Indonesia, the smallholders cultivate about 42%.
That is why the smallholders are the important ones to consider. But in its progress, they face many challenges in the field.
In the spare time of ‘Indonesian Palm Oil Smallholders Conference & Expo (IPOSC) 2019: Penguatan SDM dan Kelembagaan Petani Basis Kesuksesan Petani Sawit’, 4 smallholders’ organizations joining in Persatuan Organisasi Petani Sawit Indonesia (POPSI), they are, Asosiasi Petani Sawit PIR (Aspekpir) Indonesia, Asosiasi Petani Kelapa Sawit Indonesia (Apkasindo), Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), and Sawitku Masa Depanku (Samade), through their representative and chairmen claimed 5 things.
The first, until now the issue is that the smallholders have no area certificate as the legal of theirs. This is risky if the area conflict takes place because theirs would be easy to take.
Chairman of Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), Mansuetus Darto said that many of them do not have certificate because it is expensive to get, reaching Rp 4 to 6 million per certificate. “The independent smallholders do not have the money,” he said when telling the same statement, Thursday (28/11/2019) in Hotel Aston Pontianak where InfoSAWIT did attend.
The second, the implementation of smallholders’ replanting program (SRP) which runs slowly. Many smallholders who need the program do not get it yet. He thought that Palm oil Plantation Fund Management Agency (PFMA-KS) tends to give biodiesel incentive than the SRP.
The smallholders thought that the smallholders need many about the SRP, such as, the fertilizer, the infrastructure construction, the cultivation development, and the institution empowerment. “One vision of PFMA is to strengthen the institution of the smallholders but the agency does not do much,” he said.
The third, about the fresh fruit bunch (FFB) price decision which is different from what the team decided in each region.
Apkasindo thought that the price that the smallholders got is cheaper 30% than it which the local agency decided.
The fourth, the smallholders agreed to support the president’s regulation about Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) which is now in the table of President Joko Widodo to sign. By ISPO, it is hoped to solve the issue. “We hope that the government supports and helps the smallholders to solve the issue through the president’s regulation about ISPO if it is published,” Chairman of Aspekpir, Setiyono said.
The fifth, about the palm biodiesel mixture to diesel mandatory program. The smallholders do not get direct advantage from it. For all these years, the FFB supply to the program derived from the big plantations only. “In the future, it is better if the FFB supply could be from the smallholders to the program that the government proposed,” Darto said. (T2)