InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - According to Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) the sustainable palm oil production globally reached in RSPO version reached 14,8 million tons. About 55,43% or 8,2 million tons derived from Indonesia.
The palm oil plantations in Indonesia which RSPO has certified reached 2,045,859 hectares (ha), including the plasma’s areas reaching 215.332 ha and involving 117.673 smallholders and the independent smallholders’ areas reaching about 8.808 ha by involving 3.371 smallholders.
Still based on RSPO per August 2019, the crude palm oil (CPO) production certified by RSPO from the plasma and independent ones reached 4.076.607,49 tons. The numbers derived from the plasma reaching 3.897.176,03 tons and about 179.431,46 tons from the independent smallholders.
Guntur Cahyo Prabowo from RSPO Indonesia said that the numbers are still not good. So what are the factors that make the small numbers of the smallholders getting RSPO certificate?
He said that it happens for some reasons, such as, the cost, and time when the process of certification runs. This actually could run if they are developed by the third sides.
But the facts showed that not every smallholder is slow to adopt the sustainable palm oil scheme. There were some groups that could directly implement it.
“So it needs the third side to develop them. In addition if it faces the legal, and makes groups, these would be the main concern,” he said in the Forum Group Discussion (FGD) Minyak Sawit Berkelanjutan: Diskusi Sawit Bagi Negeri Vol. 4 that InfoSAWIT did in Jakarta recently.
It needs to realize because before the certification process runs, the independent smallholders should make legal group(s) to ease it and have better bargaining position when selling their FFB to the factories but not to the middlemen. It is also to ensure that the cultivation is done in the legal areas, not in the forest regions.
He also said that many smallholders questioned saying that after getting the sustainable certificates, will their FFB be in better price? So it needs deeper development and understanding about the sustainable practices.
If they join it, the smallholders are encouraged to implement the good agricultural practices (GAP). He also mentioned that by GAP, their production would be better, and it would implicate their income. “For they sell their production to the factories directly, theirs would be more expensive rather than it sold to the middlemen,” he said. (T2)
Published in InfoSAWIT, October 2019