InfoSAWIT, PONTIANAK –The general issues about plantations in many villagers are about the area legal, expensive cost to the nursery, the fresh fruit bunch (FFB) selling to the middlemen though the smallholders’ plantations are next to the factory.
The others are the minimum development to the smallholders in the sustainable palm oil cultivation, the FFB fluctuation price and the smallholders’ plantations are in the forest regions.
General Secretary of Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), Mansuetus Darto said that the area legal is very cruial because many smallholders do not have their area certificates.
This makes them weak to bargain because when the area conflict takes place, they have no bargaining position and they should leave theirs.
“If they want to get the (area) certificate, it would be very expensive about Rp 4 to 6 million per certificate. If it is said that there are Proyek Operasi Nasional Agraria (Prona) or Pendaftaran Tanah Sistematis Lengkap (PSTL), many smallholders might not know it,” he said in Indonesian Palm Oil Smallholders Conference & Expo (IPOSC) 2019 in di Pontianak, West Kalimantan where InfoSAWIT did recently attend.
He also mentioned that about its governance, the smallholders mostly sell their FFB to the middlemen or loading ramp by the road. This makes their FFB cheap. “While the daily needs keep being more expensive,” he said.
Actually the government published the President’s Instruction No. 8 / 2018 about the Postponement and Evaluation of Palm oil Plantation License and Its Enhancement or famously known as Palm oil Moratorium to solve the issues.
It is to increase the productivity and the solution to the plantations in the forest regions. The other regulation is by the practice implementation based on the good agricultural practices (GAP) by developing the plantations without damaging the environment through the publication plan of President’s Regulation in Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO).
He thought that the regulation designed in ISPO, it has the chance for the smallholders to develop theirs better based on the environmental, and social perspectives. “We support the ISPO implementation to improve the people’s plantations and as the evaluation of palm oil plantation licenses,” he said. (T2)
This article once published in InfoSAWIT, January 2020