InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – After one decade of preparation and transformation, this year Indonesia enters the payment phase based on the result which is signed by the first payment about US$ 56 million from Norway because Indonesia succeeded to minimize the deforestation and forest degradation in 2016-2017 for about 11,2 million ton CO2. The fund would be sent to Environment Fund Management Agency (BPDLH) which officially launched in October last year.
Back to the previous, the government of Indonesia announced that the gross deforestation in 2018-2019 reached 465,5 thousand hectares and the net deforestation reached 462,4 thousand hectares.
“Yayasan Madani does appreciate the deforestation numbers in Indonesia even though they are not significant as the result of corrective policies that the government published and in the cooperation with many countries, including Norway. The equal and mutual respect partnership should go on and be strengthened by emphasizing the aspects of openness of data and information, participation, and respecting the local and indigenous people’s rights to the forest and nature,” Executive Director of Yayasan Madani, M. Teguh Surya said, as in the official written statement to InfoSAWIT recently.
Meanwhile Knowledge Management Manager of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Anggalia Putri Permatasari said that to strengthen the bargaining position of Indonesia in the partnership, the corrective policies are important, such as, the elimination of new license publication in the primer natural forests and peat, the postponement and evaluation of palm oil plantation license, social forestry – including the indigenous forest confession – the arrangement of roadmap of climate change commitment (Roadmap Nationally Determined Contributions/NDC), and the implementation of peat ecosystem protection regulation should go on and be strengthened. Though the deforestation decreases, the numbers are more than the limits to realize the climate commitment in Indonesia, which is, 450 thousand hectares per year before 2020 and the maximal numbers are 325 thousand hectares per year in 2020-2030.
“Indonesia still has many things to do to fulfill the commitment and target which Indonesia has targeted. Besides the challenges or the threats which are about to come from the legislation are risky to weaken the forest and environment protection for the interests of investment, such as, the Draft of Cipta Kerja. It would be potential to make Indonesia fail to realize the climate commitment,” she said.
Referring to the analysis of Yayasan Madani to the deforestation data from ministry of environment and forestry, the gross deforestation numbers in Indonesia decreaded in 2003-2018, but there were big leaps in 2014-2015, when the general election took place.
The gross deforestation cumulatively in 2003-2018 took place in Riau (1,8 million hectares), Central Kalimantan (1,4 million hectares), East Kalimantan (1,2 million hectares), and West Kalimantan (1,16) million hectares). The left natural forests in Indonesia in 2018 were in Papua (24,9 million hectares), West Papua (8,8 million hectares), Central Kalimantan (7,2 million hectares), East Kalimantan (6,5 million hectares), North Kalimantan (5,6 million hectares), and West Kalimantan (5,4 million hectares).
“Though the remaining natural forests seem to be vast, the natural forests out of PIPPIB (peta indikatif penundaan pemberian ijin baru) and PIAPS (peta indikatif dan areal perhutanan sosial) which have no license/concession of IUPHHK-HA (izin usaha pemanfaatan hasil hutan kayu dalam hutan alam); IUPHHK-HT (izin usaha pemanfaatan hasil hutan kayu dalam hutan tanaman); palm oil plantation, gas and oil; mineral and coal, are small in numbers actually, reaching 9,5 million hectares (10,7%) of 88,7 million hectares of the remaining natural forests in 2018. The vastest ones are in Papua (1,3 million hectares), Maluku (912 ribu hectares), NTT (857 thousand hectares), Central Kalimantan (855 thousand hectares), Central Sulawesi (821 thousand hectares), East Kalimantan (586 thousand hectares), and North Maluku (581 thousand hectares),” Geospatial Information Specialist (GIS), Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Fadli Ahmad Naufal said.
Though the natural forests seem to be vast reaching about 9,5 million hectares, they immediately need protection by publishing the new license discontinuation by expanding the scope in order not to vanish because of the big scale concession/license expansion. This would fail the realization of climate commitment of Indonesia and the postponement policy. The evaluation of palm oil plantation license which would be end in the next year should be prolonged too.
“And the scope should be expanded to be the stoppage of giving new license to the areas where the natural forests still exist, both in and out of the forest regions. This is crucial so that Indonesia could not be branded as deforestation stigma which makes the bad image in the global markets,” he said. (T2)