InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – It is the time for the government to correct and change the model of more tenacious economic development nationally, that is, by not damaging the forest and environment, and also not depending on imports. Besides the food security nationally needs to depend on more and equal commodities among the food and monoculture plantation in the big scale. It would be risky for the food security and people’s welfare if it depends on the extractive industries.
Executive Director of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Muhammad Teguh Surya did comment about the preparation of the government of Indonesia to maintain the food security in the corona virus (Covid-19) pandemic and the prediction of long dry season that may disturb the food production. Food and Agriculture Organization has warned that there would be food crisis in the world and many countries start to stop the food exports to anticipate the threat. Some countries even implement it by prioritizing the food needs in their countries.
Depending of the economy security on certain commodities, such as, palm oil is not wise to do and would make food insecurity. The government should focus to balance the commodities in one region so that the plantation and other food commodities could compete as the economic providers and more durable to face the uncertain economy.
“From what Madani has researched in West Kalimantan as the province within the third largest plantations in Indonesia, the province, as a matter of fact, has the highest poverty level in Kalimantan Island. The palm oil plantation expansion is not the same with the economic progress locally. The productivity is in the tenth of ten provinces having the large palm oil plantation,” junior researcher of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan said, as in the official written statement to InfoSAWIT, Thursday (18/6/2020).
Meanwhile, junior researcher of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Intan Elvira said that Riau where the planted areas are the widest in Indonesia, reaching 3,4 million hectares (ha), from what Madani studied, showed that at least 7 districts (Bengkalis, Siak, Rokan Hulu, Pelalawan, Kampar, Indragiri Hilir, and Rokan Hilir) have big gaps between the palm oil areas and food plantations.
None of the areas in the 7 districts are for the food plantation more than 30 percent of the palm oil areas, for example, Bengkalis has 23,6 thousand ha (11%) of food plantations while the palm oil areas reach 187 thousand ha. Siak has 56 thousand ha (14%) of food plantations; and Rokan Hulu has 73 thousand ha (15%) compared to the palm oil areas in the two districts.
“The different area width would implicate to the food security in the districts. At least 6 districts showed low food security (Pelalawan and Rokan Hilir) and 4 districts are in food insecurity status (Bengkalis, Rokan Hulu, Indragiri Hulu, dan Kampar),” Elvira said. (T2)
Note: peneliti muda Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, as in the official written statement to InfoSAWIT, Thursday (18/6/2020).