InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – The piles of agrarian conflicts may indicate question about effective conflict resolution approach which is used. How is it implemented to help those in conflict to get the peaceful agreement among them or to get the cooperation in the long term?
Conflict Resolution Unit (CRU) in cooperation with Program Forest and Climate Change (FORCLIME) initiated the documentation project of agrarian conflict management and solution in Indonesia. The documentation is trying to record the learning from the mediation experience and is about to make critical analysis from the mediator team’s experiences involved that CRU or FORCLIME supported. The result of documentation and the study would be arranged to be a book “Seka Sengketa”.
Mediation as the method to solve the conflict is becoming effective when it is done by noticing the phases or principles of mediation, such as, secrecy, impartiality, independency, and considering the other aspects, such as, the values that those (in conflict) should hold on, the condition of those and others. The other aspects could be varied and different from one case to another.
CRU noted that mediation is the art to solve conflicts which needs support to update the knowledge. It is called as art because in each process, mediation to solve conflict prioritizes not only the logical thinking but also the heart and conscience and also considers the unique in each case. Conflict has something to do with the emotion of those sides, and the mediator is insisted to have empathy and creatively get the options of agreement to help those sides to solve the issues.
From what InfoSAWIT got in the book, there are eight study cases of area conflicts and the natural resources within the objects and various conflict subjects. The documentation is enriched by the analysis from the cases to the methodology and policy. Every case provides the learning in each process of mediation.
Besides, the study covers the supporting management aspects to the process of conflict solution which really attaches to the ability, capability, time, and resources. It starts with choosing the case, filtering the case, assessing the appropriateness of the case to have mediation, and the mediation process until the monitoring of the agreement result.
Seven cases written in the book are the solutions that CRU and FORCLIME helped while one case was the sample that how the approach of resolution to a conflict could be used to develop the efforts.
In palm oil sector, the researches done by Daemeter for CRU showed that the direct loss from a social conflict could spend US$ 2,5 million, represent 51% up to 88% of operational costs or 102% to 177% of the investment per hectare per year.
The biggest cost lost is from the operational income of the plantation and the time of the worker which should be allocated to solve the social conflict.
The research also revealed that the ‘intangible’ cost loss reaching US$ 9 million was the indirect loss from the continuous conflict or the worse conflict because of the bad reputation of business and violation risk to the goods and mankind. (T2)