InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – The inauguration of UU Cipta Kerja by Indonesian Legislators on 5 October 2020 would have the negative to the climate commitment and the ways to protect the forests in Indonesia which have been running since nine years ago. The implementation of UU Cipta Kerja would be potential to smooth every forest cutting in Indonesia.
Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan mentioned that if the chapters in UU Cipta Kerja that weaken the forest and environment protection run, the risks of loss of the natural forests would be increasing.
There would be five provinces in Indonesia that may lost their natural forests because of the increasing deforestation, such as, Riau that may lost the whole natural forests in 2032; Jambi and South Sumatera in 2038; Bangka Belitung in 2054 and Central Java in 2056.
The spatial analysis of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan showed that there have been 3,4 million hectares of the natural forest canopy in the palm oil plantation licenses (Business License, Plantation License, and other un-definitive licenses, and location) that could be saved based on the license evaluation mandated in President’s Instruction No. 8 / 2018 (Palm oil Moratorium). Papua is the province within widest natural forest in the palm oil plantation license reaching 1,3 million hectares, the second is East Kalimantan reaching 528 thousand hectares. The increasing crude palm oil (CPO) demands because of biodiesel policy, this would ease the publication of plantation expansion to the forest regions. The chance of Indonesia to save the natural forests in the palm oil moratorium would be no more.
“If 3,4 million hectares of the natural forests are gone, Indonesia would fail its climate commitment for surpassing the quote of deforestation reaching 3,25 million hectares in 2030,” Executive Director of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Teguh Surya said about the inauguration of UU Cipta Kerja.
The analysis of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan also showed that 75,6% or equal to 143 million hectares of land in Indonesia which covers 189 million hectares would have overlapping licenses, forests and area protection.
He also mentioned that of the troubled areas (143 million hectares), 11,3 million hectares are Izin Usaha Pengelolaan Hasil Hutan Kayu Hutan Tanaman Industri (IUPHHK HTI), 18,9 million hectares are Izin Usaha Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Kayu - Hutan Alam (IUPHHK HA), 622 ribu hectares are Izin Usaha Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Kayu-Restorasi Ekosistem (IUPHHK RE), 11 million hectares are Peta Indikatif Areal Perhutanan Sosial (PIAPS), 22,7 million hectares are palm oil license, 66,3 million are Peta Indikatif Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru (PIPPIB), 14,9 million hectares are mineral and coal licenses and 31,9 million hectares are the oil and gas concession in the land.
“The complicated license, forest and land protection in Indonesia showed that UU Cipta Kerja is clearly not the answer for the investment and economic progress in Indonesia in the future,” he said, as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT recently.
He also mentioned that the government and the legislators should prioritize the environment and natural resource improvement and also empowering the Corruption Eradication Commission (CEC) to increase the economy nationally.
“It is clearly revealed that the harmonization study result done by CEC in 2018 mandated to harmonize the 26 Laws which have something to do with the cultivation principles fulfillment of environment and natural resources,” he said.
There are ten main investment issues in Indonesia which are ignored and un-fulfilled in UU Cipta Kerja, such as, corruption, bureaucracy inefficiency, access to get fund, unavailable infrastructure, policy instability, government instability, tax tariff, bad work ethic, tax regulation, and inflation. “Instead of hoping that there would be better economic progress, UU Cipta Kerja would be the nightmare,” Teguh said. (T2)