InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – The development in many regions in Indonesia is not based on the pillar of sustainability. This makes disparity between the western and eastern of Indonesia. It is time that pillars of sustainable environment, superior economy, the inclusive social and good governance should be the bases for the development in many regions.
Executive Director of Komite Pemantauan Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah (KPPOD), Robert Na Endi Jaweng said that in the discussion within the theme “Strategi Membangun Daya Saing Daerah Berkelanjutan”, in Jakarta, Wednesday (4/11/2020). The other keynote speakers were Expert Staff in Increasing Competitiveness of Investment, Investment Coordination Agency, Heldy Satrya Putera; Chairman of First Committee, Regional Representative, Fachrul Razi; Regent of Bojonegoro, Anna Muawanah; Government and Public Outreach Associate of Generasi Melek Politik, Reiga Andra; and Committee of Entrepreneurship Development, Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo), Lishia Erza.
In the discussion, Robert described the index study result of sustainable competitiveness that KPPOD and its partners did. It revealed kinds of issues in the regions.
The first is that standard of competitiveness in the regions in Indonesia is mostly in medium scale (96,91%). The second is the disparity of competitiveness among the regions. The western regions of Indonesia have high competition but the eastern regions have small competiveness. The third is the economic development in the regions has no pillars of sustainability. Indeks daya saing daerah berkelanjutan consists of four pillars, they are, sustainable environment, superior economic, inclusive social, and good governance.
He also mentioned that the main key to minimize the competitiveness disparity in the regions between the western and the eastern of Indonesia is by developing good governance and leadership of the leaders (regent, mayor, governor, et cetera). He thought that the balance among the pillars of sustainability would be the key to increase the sustainable competitiveness.
“The internal of the regional government should commit to solve the disparity. The central government should support too, for instance, how the incentives given by the central is the consideration to realize sustainability, specifically in the environment aspects and become the powerful consideration,” he said, as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT.
One form of policy published by the central government is by adopting the sustainable principles and space of innovation for the regional governments to arrange drafts about regional competitiveness development. “Sustainable environment is un-separated part to increase the regional sustainable competitiveness and the policy do make Draft of Regional Competitiveness. During the study, many of our sources complained the natural resource authority which is not in the district or city level but in the province level and even in the central level,” he said.
Chairman of First Committee, Regional Representative, Fachrul Razi said that the Draft of Regional Competitiveness could answer the centralization issues in Indonesia, for instance, the economy gap in the regions. He thought that by the draft, his side hoped that the regions could innovate, and increase the competitiveness to accelerate the economic development.
“Environment is one complicated issue in the regions. Nine indicators should be the references to regional competitiveness. One of them is the environment and natural resource management. The regions should be involved in the two to make them mainstay products to increase the regional potentials,” he said. (T2)