Peat Recovery in Achievement – Base Would Realize the Climate Commitment of Indonesia

Anticipation for fire on peatland
Peat Recovery in Achievement – Base Would Realize the Climate Commitment of Indonesia

InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan did appreciate the inauguration of Hartono Prawiraatmadja as the Head of Badan Restorasi Gambut dan Mangrove (BRGM) on 23 December 2030. It is in President’s Decision No. 78/M / 2020 about The Inauguration of Head of Badan Restorasi Gambut dan Mangrove. Hartono substituted Nazir Foead who was the Head of Badan Restorasi Gambut (BRG) in 2016 – 2020.

“The peat protection and recovery are important to continue. That is why it should have no limitation to stop in one period only knowing that the threats and challenges are about to come from the legislation. This would be risky to weaken the forest and environment protection for the investment interests through Undang-undang (UU) Cipta Kerja and its derivative regulations. Indonesia could fail to realize its commitment if the peat is damaged,” Officer Program of Forest and Climate Change, Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Yosi Amelia said, as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT recently.

Yosi also said that the expansion of duties in Badan Restorasi Gambut besides restoring the peat and rehabilitate mangrove in the forest and out of degraded or critical forests, makes the institution not only do the routine and regular things. “The institution should have been strengthened not in one period only because the peat ecosystem recovery would take some time and should be consistent,” Yosi told.

Not only that, BRGM should have clearer obligation knowing that the authority of emission and emission reduction in UU Cipta Kerja are no longer explained. It is the same with President’s Regulation No. 92 / 2020 about Ministry of Environment and Forestry that does not explain the function and work about green-house gas emission reduction from deforestation, forest degradation, peat that one certain institution should do.

“Besides, the President’s Regulation No. 92 / 2020 eliminated the chapter about ‘prevention, precaution, and recovery’ which were existed in President’s Regulation No. 16 / 2015 to be ‘control. This would potentially weaken the peat ecosystem protection,” she said.

As a matter of fact, based on the development plans in National Mid-Term Plan in 2020-2024, the target of peat restoration should be 1,5-2 million hectares of 2015 targets. Meanwhile the realization of restoration targets in 2015-2020 reached 8 percent or 143.448 hectares of the targets reaching 1.784.353 hectares in cultivation/concession areas; and 77 percent or 682.694 hectares of the target reaching 892.248 hectares in non-concession peat. “This means that there should be improvement and better authority for Badan Restorasi Gambut to realize wider targets in 7 prior provinces and should be in the mangrove too,” she said.

Meanwhile Geographic Information System (GIS) Specialist of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Fadli Ahmad Naufal said that the threatening peat ecosystem could be about 24 million hectares. “Besides, BRGM would face the complex issues about peat and other licenses that lay about 21,3 million hectares. The other threats, at least, would be about the protected peat in food estate that could lay about 838 thousand hectares,” he said. (T2)

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