PalmOilMagazine, JAKARTA - Indonesia has the chance to realize the long-term vision which is adjustable with Paris Agreement. This could be realized by decreasing the quote of deforestation in Indonesia in the Updated NDC in 2020-2030 to be 10,7 thousand hectares per year until zero. To realize it, it needs to publish natural forest protection policy, such as, publishing the policy to new license in the unprotected natural policy, running palm oil moratorium, and reviewing the strategic programs and national economic recovery policy which threaten the forests. Climater and Forest Officer Program, Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Yosi Amelia told it.
“Based on the scenario that is adjustable with Paris Agreement, the deforestation in Indonesia in 2010-2030 should not be more than 241 thousand hectares per year. It means, the quote of natural forest deforestation in Indonesia in the period should only be about 4,82 million hectares. Data from Ministry of Environment and Forestry, from 2011 - 2012 to 2019 - 2020, Indonesia had no natural forests about 4,71 million hectares. It means, the quote of natural forest deforestation in Indonesia in 2020-2030 would be only 107 thousand hectares or 10,7 thousand hectares per year. But if data deforestation in 2010-2011 is put, based on the average deforestation in 2009-2011 that reached 196.750 hectares, the quote of deforestation in 2020-2030 would be minus. It means that Indonesia has no more quote of deforestation until 2030,” Yosi said, as in the official statement to PalmOilMagazine.
The Government of Indonesia should announce three scenarios in 2050 Long-Term Strategy on Low Carbon and Climate Resilience with the target clean emission (zero emission) in 2070 or 20 years slower than the United Nation claimed. In the most ambitious scenario with Paris Agreement (Low Carbon Compatible with Paris Agreement/LCCP), Indonesia targeted the peaking emission in every sector that forest and areas are the net sink in 2030.
It means that the forest and areas in Indonesia would be reliable not only to reduce the emission in the sectors abut also would absorb thee emission or carbon pollution in other sectors, such as, energy, waste, industries, produce use, and agriculture.
“Based on the initial analysis of Madani, there have been about 9,4 million hectares of natural forest or almost equal to 16 times of Bali Island which is out of license/concession, social forestry area/Peta Indikatif Area Perhutanan Sosial (PIAPS), and Peta Indikatif Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru (PIPPIB) where the policy does not protect still. These would be susceptible to be in deforestation. 9,4 million hectares of the natural forests should be protected to realize the long-term vision in Indonesia which is adjusted with Paris Agreement,” Geographic Information System (GIS) Specialist of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Fadli Ahmad Naufal said.
Besides, the government needs to review kinds of program in national economic recovery and other strategic program, such as, food estate so that they would not have something to do negatively with the natural forests.
“The initial analysis of Madani, about 1,5 million hectares of the natural forests in area of interest in food estate in Papua, Central Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and South Sumatra have log potential about 209 billion rupiah to be protected,” Fadli mentioned.
It needs to protect the natural forests where the concession or license has been published to industrial plantation forest or palm oil plantation. One way to save the natural forests in palm oil plantation license/concession is by prolonging palm oil moratorium which ends in September 2021. “It is important to continue palm oil moratorium where there are elements to save the natural forests and increase the productivity of palm oil plantation to realize the long-term vision of Indonesia,” Palm Oil Governance Program Officer, Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Trias Fetra said.
To realize the long-term vision which is adjustable with Paris Agreement, Indonesia needs to transform the land use by advantaging the unproductive areas both in and out of forest regions to realize the food and energy security and protect the rests of natural forests and peat ecosystem in a whole.
Back to Yosi, she told that our future and next generations would depend on the economic development transformation not to damage natural forests and environment.” It needs to change now because the climate crisis would be having more negative impacts and would not give much time anymore,” Yosi said. (T2)