PalmOilMagazine, JAKARTA - Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), Madani Berkelanjutan, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability Indonesia (ICLEI Indonesia), WALHI, and Thamrin School urged the government to be more ambitious to realize the mandate in Paris Agreement. They told in online discussion within the theme, “Indonesia Mampu Mencapai Netral Karbon Sebelum 2070”.
The weak ambition of Indonesia to realize net zero emission in 2050 is reflected in the documents of Long-Term Strategy on Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050 (LTS-LCCR 2050) that Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF) arranged. The document of LTS-LCCR 2050 mentioned that to maintain the world temperature nor surpassing more than 1,5?, the government targeted the net zero emission in 2070. It means that Indonesia would be late about 20 years from the targets determined in Paris Agreement
Manager of Climate Justice Campaign WALHI, Yuyun Harmono told that the lateness would be the loss for many developing countries, namelyif the trade of carbon and carbon capture are chosen to be the only way to realize net zero.
“Besides there would be more gaps to dodge the ambitious emission reduction, such as, carbon trade offset to the developing countries, not only transformation in business model structure. If it is done, the developing countries would be getting double burdens, such as, offset burden from the developed countries and the targets of emission reduction from each country,” she said, as in the official statement to PalmOilMagazine, Friday (9/4/2021).
Then LTS-LCCR 2050 also described that of five sectors providing emission focused in Nationally Determined Contribution (NCD), only forestry and other area sectors that would be having net sink in 2030. Energy sector itself would hit the peaking in 2030.
More Ambitious Target in Energy and Forestry
The analysis outcome of IESR showed that Indonesia would realize the net zero carbon in 2050 by pressing the green-house gas emission in powerplant, transportation, and industry which contribute 406.8 million tons of CO2e atau in total or about 93% of the total green-house gas in energy sector in 2015.
“Indonesia would be able to escalate the primary energy mixture from renewable energy to be 69% in 2050 by increasing the renewable energy of powerplant to be at least 24 giga watt (GW) in 2025, constructing 408-450 GW of renewable energy powerplant in 2050, stopping the construction of steam powerplant from coal since 2025, and not operating gas and steam power plant earlier,” Program Manager of Energy Transformation IESR, Deon Arinaldo said.
He also mentioned that the global models to realize the target in Paris Agreement showed more ambitious ways that the coal mixture in the powerplant, at least, would be about 5-10% in 2030. The other outcome told that at least, the clean fuel mixture in transportation would be about 20-25% in 2030 of the total energy demands in transportation sectors. But the document of LTS-LCCR 2050 targeted that the ambitious scenario based on License Condition and Code of Practice (LCCP) in Paris Agreement, the primary energy mixture would be fulfilled by coal about 34%, gas about 25%, oil 8%, and renewable energy about 33% in 2050. Compared to the target of Nationally Determined Condition, the increasing renewable energy would be 10% only in 25 years. (T2)