PalmOilMagazine, JAKARTA - Indonesia would be very potential to lead the countries whole over the world to handle the climate crisis. Besides being the biggest three country having tropical rain forest in the world after Brazil and Congo, Indonesia was successful to reduce deforestation up to 75 percent in 2019 – 2020. “The achievement is the commitment and real action for Indonesia to handle the climate crisis in the world. The government of Indonesia reduce natural forest deforestation for four years in a row,” Program Director of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Nadia Hadad responding to the speech of President Joko Widodo in the Leaders’ Summit on Climate on 22 April 2021.
Unfortunately, what President Joko Widodo told in the summit which was proposed by President of United States of America, Joe Biden, has no implication. President Joko Widodo claimed that new moratorium in the natural forest and peat covered 66 million hectares which were wider than United Kingdom and Norway. But it is not enough. It needs everything to strengthen climate commitment in land use and land use change in forestry.
“Strengthening the policy to stop publishing new license by multiplying 9,4 million hectares of the unprotected natural in peta indikatif penundaan pemberian izin baru, peta indikatif areal perhutanan social (PIPPIB, PIAPS), and out of license and concession would help Indonesia to repress the numbers of deforestation. Protecting the natural forests which already categorized in the license and concession would help to assure the climate commitment of Indonesia to save the climate crisis in the world,” Climate and Forest Officer Program of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Yosi Amelia said, as in the official statement to PalmOilMagazine.
In the Long-Term Strategy – on Low Carbon and Climate Resilience (LTS-LCCR) 2050, Indonesia targeted in the most ambitious scenario of forestry sector that life cycle climate performance (LCCP) to natural forest deforestation in 2010 – 2030 would be 241 thousand hectares per year and in 2031-2050 it would be 99 thousand hectares per year.
“In the scenario, Indonesia would be able to realize neutral carbon before 2070 within condition, Indonesia should adopt the most ambitious scenario and target that the deforestation quoted is lower than nationally updated determined contributions (NDC),” she said.
President Joko Widodo also mentioned in his speech the target to recover mangrove covering 620 thousand hectares. It should be appreciated. “But it needs to increase the peat recovery target to help forestry and land sectors to be the net sink in 2030. In the Badan Restorasi Gambut dan Mangrove (BRGM) Presidential Regulation, the target of peat recovery covers 1,2 million hectares in 2021-2024 from the prior areas that covered 2,6 million hectares in 2016-2020. Unfortunately, the target just covered peat ecosystem out of concession and license areas. On the other hand, 14,2 million hectares of peat ecosystem which got the licenses, and 99% of peat ecosystem are broken,” she said.
“It is essential for the Government of Indonesia to realize the available target of peat restoration and expand the peat restoration to the peat areas which were in flame in 2019, not only in the peat ecosystem which is out of license/concession but the peat ecosystem in concession or licenses,” Amelia said. (T2)