Exploring the Potential Development of Human Milk Fat Substitute from Palm Oil

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Milk Fat. Photo by: Special

PALMOILMAGAZINE, JAKARTA – Vegetable oils, such as palm oil, possess the potential to mimic the composition of human milk as an oleofood. For instance, the synthesis of fats within their composition can yield substitutes for human milk fat, such as 1,3-dioleyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO), which replicates the structure and distribution of certain fatty acids found in human milk.

In human milk fat (HMF), palmitic acid typically constitutes 20-25% of the total fatty acids, with 1,3-dioleyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO) comprising a significant portion (65-70%) of the central triglyceride (TAG) molecules (Jimenez, et al., 2010). The fatty acid composition of TAGs in HMF is crucial for the absorption of fatty acids and other nutrients.

Numerous studies have explored the absorption of fatty acids due to their vital role in infant nutrition. This absorption process is heavily influenced by the structure of TAGs. Thus, synthesizing TAGs with a fatty acid composition and distribution akin to HMF, specifically producing HMFS with a molecule structure like 1,3-dioleyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO), is essential.

HMFS could be produced by palm oil, swine fat, and the mixture of vegetable oil having tripalmitate ingredients (Sorensen, et al., 2009). HMFS from vegetable oil could be categorized as the kosher oil. It is part of development research from palm oil derivative products to advantage the abandoned palm oil as the material to increase the additional value, and decrease the dependence of food import.

Some researches about HMFS synthesis have been done and the researches always develop. The making of HMFS mostly uses kinds of substrate from vegetable oil, such as, soybean and sunflower seeds. (Sahin et al., 2005c, Karabulut et al., 2007, Lee et al., 2010), the mixture of vegetable oil and swine oil (Nielsen et al., 2006, Silva et al., 2009b, Wang et al., 2009), and the mixture of vegetable oil and cow milk (Yang et al., 2003, Soresen et al., 2010).

The product of HMFS is part of oleo-food. Developing the technology of oleo-food from CPO is hoped to increase the economic value of the CPO. Besides processing CPO to be downstream products, it would empower and strengthen palm oil industries and give more exchange to the country, and it may reduce the import costs on the processed products in CPO – base.

Knowing that CPO downstream products have wider usage in the food industries and have various products and would develop, it is time for Indonesia to study the technology to develop it.

Before making further research, it is better to analyze the economic value of HMFS. This would be important parameter to develop and to invest. In the development phase of product, the margin of gross profit could illustrate the early possibility to develop the product itself.

Gross Profit Margin HMFS

The profit percentage from the price of goods and minus the cost to produce or the cost to buy is called gross profit margin. It is important to know a prospect of the goods. Every industry has different gross margin profit.

The gross margin profit or gross margin is calculated by dividing the gross margin by the income. It is known as gross margin.

In economy, gross profit margin is based on the mass balance calculation, such as,1 ton of CPO derives from 1,276 tons of palm stearin.

By: Maisaroh/Engineer in BPPT which now becomes Badan Riset dan lnovasi Nasional (BRIN).

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