Indonesian Civil Organizations Push for Fair Climate Action at COP28

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the United Nations Conference about Climate Change or the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) on 30 November to 12 December. Photo by: Special

PALMOILMAGAZINE, JAKARTA – Climate change poses a global crisis that demands universal attention. The Secretary-General of the United Nations has emphasized that the world is currently experiencing the era of global warming, and its effects are particularly evident in Indonesia.

This nation is grappling with a heightened frequency of various disasters, including floods, strong winds, storms, high sea waves, droughts, and forest fires. In 2023 alone, a million hectares of forests were consumed by fire.

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The repercussions are wide-ranging, from failed harvests and the spread of diseases to the destruction of coral reefs and the potential loss of specific islands and regions within Indonesia. Ignoring these impacts could have severe consequences for both the country and the global community.

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As an archipelago in tropical regions, Indonesia is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate crisis impact in the world, just like the World Bank indicated in 2021 – if climate crisis got worse Indonesia’s gross domestic product would decrease up to 7% in 2100.

What is more interesting is that the groups of people that contribute the least would get the severe impacts, according to the report of Synthesis IPCC AR6.

“To face the danger of climate crisis, it needs action namely in this decade (2020 -2030). Every action in this period would shape the future of the earth and what is in it for the next thousands of years,” the statement is written to, Saturday (2/12/2023).

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The action would be in need not only to minimize green-house gas emission (mitigation) but also to escalate the people’s capability to survive when climate crisis happens (adaptation) and get solution on the losses and damages. Besides, climate action should be fair, try to vanish unfairness of ecology, social, economy, and politics that still happen now, and prevent to make new unfair climate action itself.

Even though it needs urgent climate actions, the commitment and action in the globe are far from the word ‘enough’. The first Global Stocktake stated by UNFCCC in September 2023 found that the emission keeps increasing in the globe, the fund from developed countries did not get the targets, and the supports to adaption are not adequate (WRI, 2023).

That is why the moment in the United Nations Conference about Climate Change or the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) on 30 November to 12 December, the civil societies in Indonesia claimed to the Government of Indonesia and the world to decide political commitment and firm mandate to escalate fair climate action and in fairness.

Here are seven urgencies that civil societies in Indonesia claimed to be the result of COP28, the first, COP28 should agree fund targets needed to solve the losses and damages from climate crisis. The developed countries should deliver fair, adequate, and new fund according to common but differentiated responsibility (CBDR) principles. The fund mechanism should be simple and could be access by focusing to reconstruction, restoration, and rehabilitation.

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The second, the output of Global Stocktake should be the reference to reinforce climate commitment in every country. The revision of NDC should cover emission gap in 2030 without minimizing adaptation capability in developing country and involve wider participation from non-state actors.

The third, COP28 should adopt the target in the global level to stop every fossil fuel use with no exception. The transition to renewable energy should be fairly running by observing the rights of groups that would get the impacts. The fourth, agreement should be in global scale to prevent and stop damages but recover every natural ecosystem, including the forest, coast, mangrove, and sea in 2030.

The fifth, it needs systematic change in food, energy, land use, and development sector and production. The focuses should be in local scale, reducing carbon emission, and the impacts for the environment. The sixth, the support should be delivered to indigenous and local people by acknowledging their rights and directly deliver fund. The solution and supports should reflect diversity of condition and the people’s needs that get the impacts.

The seventh, civil societies claimed that the negotiation should be managed by poor and impacted countries. Sustainable economic transformation should be the focus including, repealing foreign debts that really burdened and avoiding climate colonialism.

Civil societies in Indonesia thought that COP28 as the last chance to change the future of this planet and emphasized that immediate action and strong political commitment would be the key to avoid the danger of climate changes. (T2)

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