Empowering Smallholders with INS 8211:2015 to Enhance Production

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Empowering Smallholders with INS 8211:2015 to Enhance Production. Photo by: Sawit Fest 2021 / Erwin Alimudin

PALMOILMAGAZINE, JAMBI – The Balai Penerapan Standar Instrumen Pertanian (BPSIP) of Jambi Province is encouraging smallholders to prioritize understanding the Indonesian National Standard (INS), particularly as regulated under Government Regulation Number 102/2000 on National Standardization, specifically regarding palm oil seeds.

Fahri Novaldi, First Expert Agricultural Counselor at BPSIP Jambi, explained that INS is governed by the National Standardization Agency (NSA) and is obligatory at the national level. These technical specifications are established through consensus among stakeholders including governments, producers, consumers, and experts.

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INS 8211:2015 specifically addresses palm oil seeds, detailing standards for seed production quality, germination, technical packaging, seedling growth, and after-sales services.

Also Read: The Challenges Faced by Smallholders: Examining the Cost and Institutional Factors of Sustainable Palm Oil Certification

Fahri further emphasized that INS for palm oil seeds aims to enhance quality assurance and productivity in palm oil plantations, as seed germination directly impacts plantation productivity.

“That is why it close needs terms and conditions to produce qualified sprout,” he said, as Palmoilmagazine.com quoted from the official page of BPSIP Jambi, Thursday (27/6/2024).

Why is INS 8211:2015 implementation very significant? Palm oil industries in Jambi Province are one main economic sector in the province. Based on the 2023 agricultural census, there were more than 271 thousand units of personal business that operate palm oil. But the smallholders’ plantation productivity is lower than the private one.

The 2020 Plantation Statistic Data by Ministry of Agriculture showed the smallholders’ plantation productivity just reached 3,429 tons/hectare (ha), or less than the national scale – average that reached 3,89 tons/ha, while the government and private plantations’ productivity could reach 4,4 tons/ha and 4,2 tons/ha.

One main factor for the smallholders’ issue is the planting of unqualified seeds or not in INS 8211:2015. The factors that influenced it could be, their knowledge about certified palm oil seeds was not much, they have limited access to the markets, and fake seed trade by unresponsible persons.

Superior seeds are the certified ones through INS. The NSA published INS 8211:2015 about palm oil seeds. Besides seeds, the smallholders’ plantation low productivity might happen for the lack of nursery, fertilization, and pest weed control that should be adjustable with standard operating procedures.

“I just want to inform the smallholders that it would be important to always learn and escalate the seeds quality to be planted, always update with the latest technology and insight about palm oil plantations,” Fahri said. (T2)

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