Enhancing Palm Oil Productivity: The Role of Castration in Improving FFB Quality

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Palm oil castration is a crucial process to enhance plantation productivity and improve the quality of fresh fruit bunches (FFB). Photo by: Sawit Fest 2021 / Andi Syawal

PALMOILMAGAZINE, SUNGAILIAT – Palm oil castration is a crucial process to enhance plantation productivity and improve the quality of fresh fruit bunches (FFB). This process involves removing the male and female flower candidates from immature plants. The objective is to strengthen the trees, ensure uniform growth among the plants, and increase the likelihood of producing large and heavy FFB.

Typically, palm oil castration is performed using chemical agents like dodos. However, many traditional smallholders prefer to use bamboo, as it is more economical, especially during the flowering stage when the palm oil plants are about two years old.

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“We use bamboo to be more efficient. It would be expensive to purchase dodos. In the flowering process, we apply bamboo –about 2 inches in thickness and 2 meters long,” Komarudin, a smallholder from Village of Cungfo said, as Palmoilmagazine.com quoted from KBRN RRI, Monday (13/5/2024).

Also Read: Enhancing Palm Oil Harvest Quality: Ministry of Agriculture and PFMA Training for 144 Smallholders from Muara Enim

Komarudin thought, castration would be the significant process to get the good FFB quality, and palm oil trees would be bigger.

It would not be only about to vanish flowers but also a long term – investment to escalate the harvest and plantation sustainability. By maintaining the power, health of the plants, and adjusting their growth, the smallholders would optimize the production and get qualified harvest.

It means castration would be one significant strategy in sustainable plantation cultivation management to help and increase the plantation productivity and smallholders’ welfare, and also encourage the plantation growth in Indonesia. (T2)

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